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Taking a Closer Look at Presbyopia

Experiencing some challenges with reading is a frequently occurring problem if you're hitting middle age. Having the ability to see clearly things that are up close is a visual function that weakens as you age. Why? Because as you age, your eye's lens becomes less flexible, making it challenging to focus on close objects. The clinical term for this is presbyopia. It's something that eventually happens to everyone.

Those with untreated presbyopia may hold reading material at arm's length to be able to focus properly. Performing other tasks at close range, like crafts or writing, may also cause eyestrain in individuals who have developed presbyopia. In order to treat presbyopia, it's helpful to know that there are several alternatives available, which take your eyewear preferences into account.

Reading glasses are an easy choice but are generally most useful for those who wear contacts or for those who don't need glasses for correcting distance vision. These are readily available, but it is not recommended to get them until you've had a comprehensive visual exam. This is because reading glasses may help for quick blocks of reading time but they can eventually lead to eyestrain with prolonged use. A superior alternative to pharmacy reading glasses are custom made ones. These can address additional eye issues such as rectify astigmatism, accommodate prescriptions which are not necessarily the same in both eyes, and furthermore, the optic centers of every lens can be made to meet the needs of whoever is wearing them. The reading distance is another detail that can be made to meet your individual needs.

If you already have glasses for distance vision, think about bifocal or multi-focal corrective lenses, or PALs (progressive addition lenses), which are quite popular. Essentially, these are eyeglasses that have separate points of focus; the bottom part has the prescription for seeing things at close range. Contact lens wearers should speak to their eye care specialist to find out about multifocal contact lenses. There's also a treatment approach known as monovision, where one eye wears a lens for distance vision and one eye wears a lens for close vision.

You need to periodically adjust the strength of your lenses, because eyes slowly change as you get older, especially after middle age. But it's also necessary to look into your options before making choices about your vision; you can be susceptible to presbyopia, even if you've had refractive surgery.

Ask your eye care professional for an unbiased opinion. Presbyopia is a part of middle age, but the choices you make about how to handle it is in your hands.